Smart cities may, for some, conjure images of flying cars and residents dressed in futuristic silver attire, but the technology and planning behind smart cities truly will revolutionize the way cities are imagined. Smart cities act as digital cities thanks to the support of Internet of Things (IoT) solutions and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), together can combine to improve the quality of life for residents while also achieving improved sustainability and efficiency.
Jakarta, the vibrant capital of Indonesia, has a population which is estimated at 10,915,364 today. To put things into perspective, in 1950, the population of Jakarta was 1,452,000 and today compared to the number, the population has grown by over 9 million while the size of the city has almost remained the same. This dramatic uptick in the number of residents in Jakarta has created challenges that many large metropolises must attempt to solve, such as congested freeways and roads, managing waste and pollution, and most importantly, ensuring citizen health and safety.
“In terms of urban planning, the Smart City initiative is in line with the national messaging and our regional development strategy but also in line with international efforts. We are developing the main network of public transport in order to provide a solution. Previously [the city] was designed to be very business-centered. Now we are trying to connect the city center to the residential area outside Jakarta,” said the Head of Communication and Marketing of Jakarta Smart City, Ibu Rika Zikriyyah.
Jakarta Smart City, founded in 2015, has seven pillars: smart governance, smart living, smart people, smart mobility, smart economy, smart environment, and smart branding. At its core, the Smart City 4.0 Framework consists of the central two objectives: to be an innovative city and to create a window of happiness for the people. With the application of cloud computing, big data, artificial intelligence (AI), IoT, and blockchain technologies, the intention is Jakarta will be transformed into the ideal smart city via digitalization.
Digitalisation Driving Transformation
Innovation is at the center of what enables smart cities. To ensure a successful digital transformation, Jakarta Smart City is utilizing smart technologies such as 5G, IoT, and ICT, which will be used to enable the evolution of the smart city concept.
With the enhancement of smart technologies usage and ICT specifically, Jakarta Smart City intends to identify, understand, and regulate city resources to be more proficiently effective. The organization also has a smart 4.0 framework developed with seven indicators are needed to ensure key objectives with regards to ICT and overall goals are met.
With smart technologies such as 5G, IoT, and ICT, Jakarta Smart City hopes to shape the capital in a way that could improve the quality of public services, solve city problems, and lead a more sustainably friendly life. According to Rika, Jakarta Smart City has requested improvements to ICT in all sectors to prepare for Jakarta’s evolution.
“Since the pandemic, we really began pushing the digital transformation, and it also shifted the government’s focus. People had to work but do so remotely which was disruptive. So the challenge here is how we can make sure that the digital transformation really reaches all citizens, especially from the economic perspective,” Rika said.
Though digitalization drives the smart city transformation, Rika said Jakarta Smart City planning is primarily for the benefit of Jakarta’s citizens and also sustainability. Rika says the three key objective values they keep top of mind during all planning are quality of life, economic growth, and the environment. The collective community must also realize their stake within the process and see the benefits of the transformation.
Jakarta may well become the futuristic city the government and Jakarta Smart City intends to build but the need for collaboration between informed partners, citizen buy-in and technologies will need to adapt together to bring Jakarta into a new and transformed age of change. Along with this transformation, sustainability and power conservation will also be entwined with smart city initiatives to help achieve Indonesia’s lofty decarbonisation goals.